Scientific papers

Papers that have used data or expertise generated from the PBMS:

Publication year

authors, TITLE and link to journal paper


Significant turning point: common buzzard (Buteo buteo) exposure to second-generation anticoagulant rodenticides in the United Kingdom. Shinji Ozaki, Paola Movalli, Alessandra Cincinelli, Nikiforos Alygizakis, Alexander Badry, Heather Carter, Jacqueline S. Chaplow, Daniela Claßen, René W.R. J. Dekker, Beverley Dodd, Guy Duke, Jan Koschorreck, M. Glória Pereira, Elaine Potter, Darren Sleep, Jaroslav Slobodnik, Nikolaos S. Thomaidis, Gabriele Treu, and Lee Walker. Environmental Science & Technology 58, 14 (2024). DOI:


The importance of in-year seasonal fluctuations for biomonitoring of apex predators: A case study of 14 essential and non-essential elements in the liver of the common buzzard (Buteo buteo) in the United Kingdom. Shinji Ozaki, Paola Movalli, Alessandra Cincinelli, Nikiforos Alygizakis, Alexander Badry, Jacqueline S. Chaplow, Daniela Claßen, René W.R. J. Dekker, Beverley Dodd, Guy Duke, Jan Koschorreck, M. Glória Pereira, Elaine Potter, Jaroslav Slobodnik, Sarah Thacker, Nikolaos S. Thomaidis, Gabriele Treu, and Lee Walker. Envrionmental Pollution 323 (2023). DOI:

2022The role of natural science collections in the biomonitoring of environmental contaminants in apex predators in support of the EU’s zero pollution ambition. Movalli, P., Koschorreck, J., Treu, G. et al.  Environ Sci Eur 34, 88 (2022).
2022Assessment of contaminants of emerging concern in European apex predators and their prey by LC-QToF MS wide-scope target analysis, G. Gkotsis, M-C. Nika, V. Nikolopoulou, N. Alygizakis, E. Bizani, R. Aalizadeh, A. Badry, E. Chadwick, A. Cincinelli, D. Claßen, S. Danielsson, R. Dekker, G. Duke, W. Drost, N. Glowacka, B. Göckener, H. A. H. Jansman, M. Juergens, B. Knopf, J. Koschorreck, O. Krone, T. Martellini, P. Movalli, S. Persson, E.D. Potter, S. Rohner, A. Roos, E. O' Rourke, U. Siebert, G. Treu, N.W. van den Brink, L.A. Walker, R. Williams, J. Slobodnik, N.S. Thomaidis, Environment International (2022), doi:
2022Long-term trends of second generation anticoagulant rodenticides (SGARs) show widespread contamination of a bird-eating predator, the Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Accipiter nisus) in Britain. Richard K. Broughton, Kate R. Searle, Lee A. Walker, Elaine D. Potter, M Glória Pereira, Heather Carter, Darren Sleep, David G. Noble, Adam Butler, Andrew C. Johnson, Environmental Pollution, Volume 314, 2022,

Making use of apex predator sample collections: an integrated workflow for quality assured sample processing, analysis and digital sample freezing of archived samples. Alexander Badry, Heinz Rüdel, Bernd Göckener, Maria-Christina Nika, Nikiforos Alygizakis, Georgios Gkotsis, Nikolaos S. Thomaidis, Gabriele Treu, Rene W.R.J. Dekker, Paola Movalli, Lee A. Walker, Elaine D. Potter, Alessandra Cincinelli, Tania Martellini, Guy Duke, Jaroslav Slobodnik, Jan Koschorreck, Chemosphere, Volume 309, Part 1, 2022, 136603.


Using environmental monitoring data from apex predators for chemicals management: towards better use of monitoring data from apex predators in support of prioritisation and risk assessment of chemicals in Europe. Gabriele Treu, Jaroslav Slobodnik, Nikiforos Alygizakis, Alexander Badry, Dirk Bunke, Alessandra Cincinelli, Daniela Claßen, Rene W. R. J. Dekker, Bernd Göckener, Georgios Gkotsis, Georg Hanke, Guy Duke, Morten Jartun, Paola Movalli, Maria-Christina Nika, Heinz Rüdel, Jose V. Tarazona, Nikolaos S. Thomaidis, Victoria Tornero, Katrin Vorkamp, Lee A. Walker, Jan Koschorreck & Valeria Dulio.  Environ Sci Eur 34, 82 (2022).

2021Dulsat-Masvidal, Maria; Lourenço, Rui; Lacorte, Silvia; D'Amico, Marcello; Albayrak, Tamer; Andevski, Jovan; Aradis, Arianna; Baltag, Emanuel; Berger-Tal, Oded; Berny, Philippe; Choresh, Yael; Duke, Guy; Espín, Silvia; García-Fernández, Antonio J.; Gómez-Ramírez, Pilar; Hallgrimsson, Gunnar T.; Jaspers, Veerle; Johansson, Ulf; Kovacs, Andras; Krone, Oliver; Leivits, Madis; Martínez-López, Emma; Mateo, Rafael; Movalli, Paola; Sánchez-Virosta, Pablo; Shore, Richard F.; Valkama, Jari; Vrezec, Al; Xirouchakis, Stavros; Walker, Lee A.; Wernham, Chris. 2021 A review of constraints and solutions for collecting raptor samples and contextual data for a European raptor biomonitoring facility. Science of the Total Environment, 793, 148599. 11, pp.
2021Leslie, Heather A.; Brandsma, Sicco H.; Barber, Jonathan L.; Gabrielsen, Geir W.; Bersuder, Philippe; Barry, Jon; Shore, Richard F.Walker, Lee A.; de Boer, Jacob. 2021 Decabromodiphenylether trends in the European environment: bird eggs, sewage sludge and surficial sediments. Science of the Total Environment, 774, 145174. 9, pp.
2021Roos, Staffan; Campbell, Steve T.; Hartley, Gill; Shore, Richard F.Walker, Lee A.; Wilson, Jeremy D.. 2021 Annual abundance of common kestrels (Falco tinnunculus) is negatively associated with second generation anticoagulant rodenticides. Ecotoxicology, 30 (4). 560-574.
2021Antwis, Rachael E.; Beresford, Nicholas A.; Jackson, Joseph A.; Fawkes, Ross; Barnett, Catherine L.; Potter, ElaineWalker, Lee; Gaschak, Sergey; Wood, Michael D.. 2021 Impacts of radiation exposure on the bacterial and fungal microbiome of small mammals in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone. Journal of Animal Ecology.
2021Woodcock, Ben A.; Ridding, Lucy; Pereira, M. Gloria; Sleep, Darren; Newbold, Lindsay; Oliver, Anna; Shore, Richard F.; Bullock, James M.; Heard, Matthew S.; Gweon, Hyun S.; Pywell, Richard F.. 2021 Neonicotinoid use on cereals and sugar beet is linked to continued low exposure risk in honeybees. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 308, 107205. 8, pp.
2021Kean, E.F.; Shore, R.F.; Scholey, G.; Strachan, R.; Chadwick, E.A.. 2021 Persistent pollutants exceed toxic thresholds in a freshwater top predator decades after legislative control. Environmental Pollution, 272, 116415. 11, pp.
2021Pereira, M. Gloria; Lacorte, Silvia; Walker, Lee A.Shore, Richard F.. 2021 Contrasting long term temporal trends in perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in eggs of the northern gannet (Morus bassanus) from two UK colonies. Science of the Total Environment, 754, 141900. 10, pp.
2021Espín, Silvia; Andevski, Jovan; Duke, Guy; Eulaers, Igor; Gómez-Ramírez, Pilar; Hallgrimsson, Gunnar Thor; Helander, Björn; Herzke, Dorte; Jaspers, Veerle L.B.; Krone, Oliver; Lourenço, Rui; María-Mojica, Pedro; Martínez-López, Emma; Mateo, Rafael; Movalli, Paola; Sánchez-Virosta, Pablo; Shore, Richard F.; Sonne, Christian; van den Brink, Nico W.; van Hattum, Bert; Vrezec, Al; Wernham, Chris; García-Fernández, Antonio J.. 2021 A schematic sampling protocol for contaminant monitoring in raptors. Ambio, 50 (1). 95-100.
2020M.A. Taggart, R.F. Shore, D.J. Pain, G. Peniche, M. Martinez-Haro, R. Mateo, J. Homann, A. Raab, J. Feldmann, A.J. Lawlor, E.D. Potter, L.A. Walker, D.W. Braidwood, A.S. French, J. Parry-Jones, J.A. Swift, R.E. Green, 2020. Concentration and origin of lead (Pb) in liver and bone of Eurasian buzzards (Buteo buteo) in the United Kingdom. Environ. Pollution
2018 (but only recently available)Shore, R. F, Potter, E. D, Walker, L. A, Pereira, M. G, Chaplow, J. S, Jaffe, J. E, et al. (2018). The Relative Importance of Different Trophic Pathways for Secondary Exposure to Anticoagulant Rodenticides. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference, 28.

Monclús L, Shore RF, Krone O. (2020). Lead contamination in raptors in Europe: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Science of the Total Environment: article 141437

2020Lennon, R.J., Shore, R.F., Pereira, M.G., Peach, W.J., Dunn, J.C., Arnold, K.E. & Brown, C.D. 2020. High prevalence of the neonicotinoid clothianidin in liver and plasma samples collected from gamebirds during autumn sowing.  Science of the Total Environment 742 140493. 
2020Badry, A., Krone, O., Jaspers, V.L.B., Mateo, R., García-Fernández, A., Leivits, M., Shore, R.F., 2020. Towards harmonisation of chemical monitoring using avian apex predators: Identification of key species for pan-European biomonitoring. Science of the Total Environment 731, 139198. PDF icon Badry et al. 2020.pdf

Espín, S. Andevski, J, Duke, G., Eulaers, I., Gómez-Ramírez, P., Hallgrimsson, G.T., Helander, B., Herzke, D., Jaspers, V.L.B., Krone, O., Lourenço, R., María-Mojica, P., Martínez-López, E., Mateo, R. Movalli, P., Sánchez-Virosta, P., Shore, R.F., Sonne, C., van den Brink, N.W., van Hattum, B., Vrezec, A., Wernham, C., García-Fernández, A.J. 2020. A schematic sampling protocol for contaminant monitoring in raptors. Ambio


Lennon, R.J., Peach, W.J., Dunn, J.C., Shore, R.F., Pereira, M.G., Sleep, D., Dodd, S., Wheatley, C.J., Arnold, K.E., Brown, C.D.  2020.  From seeds to plasma: confirmed exposure of multiple farmland bird species to clothianidin during sowing of winter cereals. Science of the Total Environment  723, 138056.

2019Lennon et al., 2019. Using long-term datasets to assess the impacts of dietary exposure to neonicotinoids on farmland bird populations in England.
2019Shore, R.F., Taggart, M.A. 2019. Population level impacts of chemical contaminants on apex avian species. Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health 11 65–70.

Movali, P. et al., 2019 [on line]  Progress on bringing together raptor collections in Europe for contaminant research and monitoring in relation to chemicals regulation. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 


Pereira et al., 2019. Temporal and spatial distribution of mercury in gulls eggs from the Iberian Peninsula. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 76 394-404.

2019Whitlock, S.E., Pereira, M.G., Lane, J. Sleep, D., Shore, R.F., Arnold, K.E.  2019. Detecting fluoxetine and norfluoxetine in wild bird tissues and feathers. Environment International 126 193-201. 

Sainsbury, K.A., Shore, R.F., Schofield, H., Croose, E., Campbell, R.D. and McDonald, R.A. Recent history, current status, conservation and management of native mammalian carnivore species in Great Britain.

2018Whitlock, S.E., Pereira, M.G., Shore, R.F., Lane, J., Arnold, K.E. 2018. Environmentally relevant exposure to an antidepressant alters courtship behaviours in a songbird. Chemosphere 211, 17-24.
2018Sainsbury, Katherine A.; Shore, Richard F.; Schofield, Henry; et al. 2018. Long-term increase in secondary exposure to anticoagulant rodenticides in European polecats Mustela putorius in Great Britain. Environmental pollution 236, 689-698. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2018.02.004

Shore R.F. 2018 Rodenticides: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly.  In The Encyclopedia of the Anthropocene, vol. 5: (eds. D.A. DellaSala and M.I. Goldstein,). Elsevier, Oxford, pp. 155-160, doi:


Shore, R.F. & Courdassier, M. 2018. Primary exposure and effects in non-target animals. In Anticoagulant rodenticides and wildlife. (eds. N.W.  Van den Brink, J.E. Elliott, R.F. Shore and B.A. Rattner, B.A.). Springer International Publishing, pp. 135-157.  ISBN: 978-3-319-64377-9, doi:


Van den Brink, N.W., Elliott, J.E., Shore, R.F., Rattner, B.A.. 2018. Anticoagulant rodenticides and wildlife: introduction. In Anticoagulant rodenticides and wildlife. (eds. N.W.  Van den Brink, J.E. Elliott, R.F. Shore and B.A. Rattner, B.A). Springer International Publishing, pp. 1-9.  ISBN: 978-3-319-64377-9, doi:


Van den Brink, N.W., Elliott, J.E., Shore, R.F., Rattner, B.A.. 2018. Anticoagulant rodenticides and wildlife: concluding remarks In Anticoagulant rodenticides and wildlife. (eds. N.W.  Van den Brink, J.E. Elliott, R.F. Shore and B.A. Rattner, B.A). Springer International Publishing, pp. 379-386.  ISBN: 978-3-319-64377-9, doi:


Van den Brink, N.W., Elliott, J.E., Shore, R.F., Rattner, B.A. (Eds). 2018. Anticoagulant rodenticides and wildlife. Springer International Publishing,  398 pp.  ISBN: 978-3-319-64377-9, doi:


Title: Poisoning of reintroduced red kites (Milvus Milvus) in England
Author(s): Molenaar, Fieke M.; Jaffe, Jenny E.; Carter, Ian; Barnett, E.A.; Shore, R.F.; Rowcliffe J.M.; Sainsbury, A.W.
Source: European Journal of Wildlife Research Volume: 63 Issue: 6 Published: 2017
DOI: 10.1007/s10344-017-1152-z

2017Heys, K.A., Shore, R.F., Pereira, M.G., Martin, F.L.  2017. Vibrational biospectroscopy characterises biochemical differences between cell types used for toxicological investigations and identifies alterations induced by environmental contaminants.  Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry 36 3127–3137.
2017Title: Levels of Organochlorine Pesticides Are Associated with Amyloid Aggregation in Apex Avian Brains
Author(s): Heys, Kelly A.; Shore, Richard F.; Pereira, M. Gloria; et al.
Source: Environmental Science & Technology Volume: 51 Issue: 15 Pages: 8672-8681 Published: 2017
DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.7b00840

Title: Paying the Pipers: Mitigating the Impact of Anticoagulant Rodenticides on Predators and Scavengers
Author(s): Elliott, John E.; Rattner, Barnett A.; Shore, Richard F.; et al.
Source: Bioscience Volume: 66 Issue: 5 Pages: 401-407 Published: MAY 2016
DOI: 10.1093/biosci/biw028


Heys, K.A., Shore, R.F., Pereira, M.G., Jones, K.C., Martin, F.L.  2016. Risk assessment of environmental mixture effects. RSC Advances 6 47844.

2016Espín S, García-Fernández, A.J., Herzke, D., Shore, R.F., van Hattum, B., Martínez-López, E., Coeurdassier, M., Eulaers, I., Fritsch, C., Gómez-Ramírez,P., Jaspers, V.L.B., Krone, O., Duke, G., Helander, B., Mateo, R., Movalli, P., Sonne, C., van den Brink, N.W. 2016. Tracking pan-continental trends in environmental contamination using sentinel raptors—what types of samples should we use? Ecotoxicology 25 777-801.
2016van den Brink, N. W., Arblaster, J. A., Bowman, S. R., Conder, J. M., Elliott, J. E., Johnson, M. S., Muir, D. C., Natal-da-Luz, T., Rattner, B. A., Sample, B. E. and Shore, R. F. (2016), Use of terrestrial field studies in the derivation of bioaccumulation potential of chemicals. Integr Environ Assess Manag, 12: 135–145.
2015Shore, R.F., Pereira M.G., Potter, E.D. and Walker. L.A.  2015.  Monitoring rodenticide residues in wildlife. Rodent pests and their Control, (eds, A.P. Buckle and R.H. Smith), Wallingford, Oxfordshire, CAB International, pp. 346-365.  ISBN: 978 1 84593 817 8.
2015Smith, R.H. & Shore, R.F. 2015.  Environmental effects of rodenticides.  In Rodent pests and their Control. (eds,  A.P. Buckle and R.H. Smith), Wallingford, Oxfordshire,  CAB International. pp. 330-345. ISBN: 978 1 84593 817 8.
2015Strong, R.J., Pereira, M.G., Shore, R.F., Henrys, P.A., Pottinger, T.G. (2015). Feather corticosterone content in predatory birds in relation to body condition and hepatic metal concentration.  Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. 247 47-55
2014Shore RF, Taggart MA, Smits J, Mateo R, Richards NL, Fryday S. 2014.  Detection and drivers of exposure and effects of pharmaceuticals in higher vertebrates. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 369: 20130570.
2014Rattner, B.A., Lazarus, R.S., Elliott, J.E., Shore, R.F., van den Brink, N. 2014. Adverse outcome pathway and risks of anticoagulant rodenticides to predatory wildlife.  Environmental Science & Technology 48 8433-8445.
2014Pereira, M.G., Murk, A.J., Van den Berg, H., Walker, L.A. & Shore, R.F.  2014. How much do PCB toxic equivalents account for PHAH toxicity in predatory birds? Environmental Pollution 193 240-246.
2014Gómez-Ramírez, P., Shore, R.F., van den Brink, N.W., van Hattum, B., Bustnes, J.O., Duke, G., Fritsch, C., García-Fernández, A., Helander, B.O., Jaspers, V., Krone, O., Martínez-López, E., Mateo, R., Movalli, P., Sonne, C. 2014.  An overview of existing raptor contaminant monitoring activities in Europe. Environment International 67 12-21.
2013Arnold KE, Boxall ABA, Brown AR, Cuthbert RJ, Gaw S, Hutchinson TH,Jobling S, Madden JC, Metcalfe CD, Naidoo V, Shore R.F., Smits JE, Taggart MA, Thompson HM. 2013.  Assessing the exposure risk and impacts of pharmaceuticals in the environment on individuals and ecosystems. Biology  Letters  9  20130492.
2013Morrissey, C.A., Stanton, D.W.G., Pereira, M.G., Newton, J., Durance, I., Tyler, C.R. & Ormerod, S.J. (2013) Eurasian dipper eggs indicate elevated organohalogenated contaminants in urban rivers. Environmental Science & Technology, 47, 8931-8939. Environmental Science and Technology
2013Crosse, J.D., Shore, R.F., Jones, K.C., Pereira, M.G. 2013. Key factors affecting liver PBDE concentrations in sparrowhawks (Accipiter nisus). Environmental Pollution 177 171-176.
2012Crosse, John D.; Shore, Richard F.; Wadsworth, Richard A.; Jones, Kevin C.; Pereira, M. Glória. 2012 Long-term trends in PBDEs in sparrowhawk (Accipiter nisus) eggs indicate sustained contamination of UK terrestrial ecosystems. Environmental Science and Technology, 46 (24). 13504-13511.
2012Llabjani, V., Malik, R.N., Trevisan, J., Hoti, V., Ukpebor, J., Shinwari, Z.K., Moeckel, C., Jones, K.C., Shore, R.F., Martin, F. 2012. Alterations in the infrared spectral signature of avian feathers reflect potential chemical exposure: a pilot study comparing two sites in Pakistan. Environment International 48 39-46.
2012Tosh, D.G., McDonald, R.A., Bearhop, S., Llewellyn, N. R., Montgomery, W.I., Shore, R.F. 2012. Rodenticide exposure in wood mouse and house mouse populations on farms and potential secondary risk to predators. Ecotoxicology  21 1325-1332
2011Tosh, D.G., McDonald, R.A., Bearhop, S., Llewellyn, N. R., Fee, A., Sharp, E.A., Barnett, E., Shore, R.F. 2011. Does small mammal prey guild affect the exposure of predators to anticoagulant rodenticides? Environmental Pollution 159 3106-3112.
2012Crosse, John D.; Shore, Richard F.; Jones, Kevin C.; Pereira, M. Gloria. 2012. Long term trends in PBDE concentrations in gannet (Morus bassanus) eggs from two UK colonies. Environmental Pollution, 161. 93-100.
2011Llabjani, Valon; Crosse, John D.; Ahmadzai, Abdullah A.; Patel, Imran I.; Pang, Weiyi; Trevisan, Julio; Jones, Kevin C.; Shore, Richard F.; Martin, Francis L.. 2011 Differential effects in mammalian cells induced by chemical mixtures in environmental biota as profiled using infrared spectroscopy. Environmental Science & Technology, 45 (24). 10706-10712.
2011Heather A. Leslie, Pim E.G. Leonards, Richard F. Shore, Lee A. Walker, Philippe R.C. Bersuder, Steve Morris, Colin R. Allchin, Jacob de Boer. 2011. Decabromodiphenylether and hexabromocyclododecane in wild birds from the United Kingdom, Sweden and The Netherlands: screening and time trends. Chemosphere 82, 88-95.
2011Shore R.F., Pereira, M.G., Walker, L.A. & Thompson, D.R. 2011. Mercury in Non-marine Birds and Mammals. pp. 609-624 in Environmental Contaminants in Biota: Interpreting Tissue Concentrations, Second Edition (Eds W.N Beyer & J.P.Meador,), CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL. ISBN: 978-1-4200-8405-4
2011Thomas, P.J., Mineau, P., Shore, R.F., Champoux, L., Martin, P., Wilson, L., Fitzgerald, G., Elliott, J. 2011. Second generation anticoagulant rodenticides in predatory birds: probabilistic characterisation of toxic liver concentrations and implications for predatory bird populations in Canada. Environment International 37 914-920
2009Pereira, M.G., Walker, L.A., Wright, J., Best, J., Shore, R.F. 2009. Concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the eggs of predatory birds in Britain. Environmental Science & Technology 43 9010-9015.
2009Pereira, M.G., Walker, L.A., Best, J. & Shore, R.F. 2009. Long term trends in mercury and PCB congener concentrations in gannet (Morus bassanus) eggs in Britain. Environmental Pollution 157, 155-163.
2009Young, G.R., Dawson, A., Newton, I., & Walker, L. 2009. The timing of gonadal development and moult in three raptors with different breeding seasons: effects of gender, age and body condition. Ibis. 151, 654--666.

Smith, J.T., Walker, L.A., Shore, R.F., le V dit Durell, S.E.A., Howe, P.D., Taylor, M. 2009. Do estuaries pose a toxic contamination risk for wading birds? Ecotoxicology. 18, 906-917. Online ISSN: 1474-919X;

2009Anderson, Phillips, McDonald, , McGill, Bearhop. Influence of trophic position and foraging range on mercury levels within a seabird community. doi: 10.3354/meps07784

Dell'Omo G., Costantini D., Wright J., Casagrande S., Shore R.F. 2008. PCBs in the eggs of Eurasian Kestrels indicate exposure to local pollution. Ambio 37 452-456.


Jagannath, A., Shore, R.F., Walker, L.A., Ferns, P.R. & Gosler, A.G. 2008. Eggshell pigmentation indicates pesticide contamination. Journal of Applied Ecology 45, 133-140.

2008Walker, L.A., Turk, A., Long, S.M., Wienburg, C.L., Best, J., & Shore, R.F. 2008. Second generation anticoagulant rodenticides in tawny owls (Strix aluco) from Great Britain. The Science of the Total Environment 392 93-98
2008Pereira, M.G., Walker, L.A., Wright, J., Best, J. & Shore, R.F. 2008. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in eggs from gannets, golden eagles and merlins. Organohalogen Compounds 70 166-169.
2008Walker, L.A., Shore, R.F., Turk, A., Pereira, M.G., & Best, J. 2008. The Predatory Bird Monitoring Scheme (PBMS) - identifying chemical risks to top predators in Britain. Ambio 37 466-471.[469:TPBMSI]2.0.CO;2
2007Knopper, L.D., Mineau, P., Shore, R.F. & Walker, L.A. 2007. Bone density and breaking strength in UK raptors exposed to second generation anticoagulant rodenticides. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination & Toxicology 78 249-251.
2007Martinez-Lopez, E., Maria-Mojica, P., Martinez, J.E., Calvo, J.F., Wright, J., Shore, R.F., Romero, D. & Garcia-Fernandez, A.J. 2007. Organochlorine residues in booted eagle (Hieraaetus pennatus) and goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) eggs from southeastern Spain. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 26 2373-2378.

Pain, D.J., Carter, I., Sainsbury, A., Shore, R.F., Eden, P, Taggart, M., Stavrianakis, K., Walker, L.A, Meharg, A. & Raab, A. 2007. Lead contamination and associated disease in reintroduced red kites Milvus milvus in England. The Science of the Total Environment 376 116-127.

2006Shore, R.F., Malcolm, H.M., McLennan, D., Turk, A., Walker, L.A., Wienburg, C.L. & Burn A. J. 2006. Did Foot and Mouth Disease control operations affect rodenticide exposure in raptors? Journal of Wildlife Management 70 588-593.[588:DFDOAR]2.0.CO;2
2004Wienburg, C.L. & Shore, R.F. 2004. Factors influencing PCB concentrations in sparrowhawks (Accipiter nisus), kestrels (Falco tinnunculus) and herons (Ardea cinerea) in Britain. Environmental Pollution 132 41-50.
2003Broughton, R. K., Osborn, D., Shore, R. F., Wienburg, C. L. and Wadsworth, R. A. (2003), Identifying pollution hot spots from polychlorinated biphenyl residues in birds of prey. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 22: 2519–2524.
2003Malcolm, H & Shore, R. 2003. Hunting contaminants with predatory birds. NERC Planet Earth, Spring 2003, pp. 16-17.
2002Shore, R.F., Birks, J.D.S., Afsar, A., Wienburg, C.L., Kitchener A.C. Spatial and temporal analysis of second-generation anticoagulant rodenticide residues in polecats (Mustela putorius) from throughout their range in Britain, 1992–1999 Link

How can you help?

GDPR, Privacy Policy and Cookies

The PBMS website is provided by the UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology under the terms of the UKCEH Privacy policy which sets out the basis on which any personal data we collect from you, or that you provide to us, will be processed by us. Information collected by the PBMS will be used for scientific purposes only under the GDPR lawful basis of Legitimate interests, not shared with any other party and retained for the duration of the project. Cookies may be set on your computer when you visit this site. What are Cookies?